Hebert Family to our Fournier Ancestor

Louis  Hebert’s oldest daughter, Anne, married Etienne Jonquest, in 1618, the first marriage performed by a priest in New France.  She died during childbirth the next year.  Etienne died soon after.  Her passing is mentioned in Samuel de Champlain’s journals.

Seal of Louis XIV, used in the colony when the King made New France a province of France in 1663

His younger daughter, Marie Guillemette, married Guillaume Couillard.  Guillaume had worked closely with his father-in-law, learning everything he knew about farming from Louis.  After Louis’ death,  he took care of his mother-in-law, Marie Rollet, until she remarried.  He continued the work of farming Louis’s estates.  It is said that Louis had requested a plow and a cow from the Company of 100 Associates, but never received either.  After Louis’s death, Guillaume was granted the first plow and cow in Canada. 

The Couillards had ten children.  They aquired the colony’s first slave, a young boy from the West Indies.  Guillaume was granted letters of nobility for his ‘noble actions in the country of Canada’  by King Louis XIV.  He was the first Canadian to be knighted by a king. 

Louis’s only son, Guillaume, married Helene Desportes in 1634.

Quebec Vital Church Records, (Drouin Collection) 1621-1967 for Guillaume Hebert and Helene Desportes at Parish of Notre Dame, Quebec (the second entry for 1634)

Little is known about Guillaume. It is documented that he gave assistance to the priests in their relations with the Native Americans.  He had inherited half his father ‘s land, so it is assumed that he continued to cultivate the land he had inherited. 

Helene Desportes is often said to have been the first surviving white child born in Canada.  There is controversy about when she was born, whether born in Quebec or arrived as an infant.  The most accepted theory is that she was born in 1620 in Quebec.  Her godmother was Samuel de Champlain’s wife, Madame Helene Boulle’. In his will, Champlain left Helen 300 livres.

Helene’s father, Pierre, was employed with the Company of 100 Associates in charge of the warehouse, and also the village baker.  Her mother was Francoise Langlois, and Francoise’s father was a lawyer in the Parlement de Paris and an investor with the Company of 100 Associates that funded the colony.

The control of the Quebec colony was taken in 1629 by the English, and her family, along with Champlain, returned to France.  When Quebec was back in France’s control, Helene returned to Quebec with her aunt and uncle, Marguerite Langlois and Abraham Martin.

Signature of Helene Desportes

Helene was an educated woman able to read and write.  She was a sage femme, a French expression for midwife, a profession she passed on to her daughters.

Before he died in 1639, Guillaume Hebert and Helene had two daughters, Francoise and Angelique, and one son, Joseph.

The Third Generation of Heberts in New France 

Joseph was born November 3, 1636. He married Marie Charlotte De Poiters in October of 1660. During the following June of 1661, he was captured by the Iroquois, tortured, then stabbed to death by a drunk warrior.  His wife, pregnant at the time of his capture, had a son, Joseph Jr, and he is believed to have died at childbirth. 

 Angelique was born August 2, 1639 and did not marry. She died at St. Thomas, Quebec in 1665.

 Louis Hebert’s granddaughter, Francoise Hebert, married Guillaume Fournier.  They had fifteen children.  Guillaume Fournier is the beginning of the Canadian Fournier lineage of our family.

  

Bibliography :

Bulletin of the Johns Hopkins Hospital, Volume 25, M. Charlton, Librarian of McGill Medical Library, Montreal, Canada, Johns Hopkins Press, Baltimore, 1914. (Google Books)

 Canadian Types of the Old Regime, 1608-1698, Charles W. Colby, Professor of History in McGill University,Henry Holt and Co. New York, 1908 (Google Books)

 The Founder of New France, A Chronicle of Champlain, Charles W. Colby, Glasgow, Brook & Co, Toronto, 1915 (www.archive.org)

 Louis Hebert, Premier Colon Canadien et sa Famille, Abbe Azarie Couillard Despres, Societe Saint Augustin, Desclee, de Brouwer & Co, Lille, Paris, Bruges, 1913 (Google Books)

 Websites :

http://www.francogene.com/quebec–genealogy/000/000066.php

http://genealogiequebec.info/en/testphp/info.php?no=5074

http://larryvoyer.com/genealogy

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Louis_Hebert

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Quebec

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Portal:History_of_Canada

http://www.biographi.ca/009004-119.01-e.php?BioId=34294

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